Araucana Bird, Characteristics. Uses, Best 11 Notes

Araucana bird is a breed of domestic chicken from Chile. It lays blue-shelled eggs which are valued as a delicacy. The breed is also prized for its feathers which are beautiful with a wide range of colors and patterns, including metallic sheens and glittering designs on their breast, wings, legs, and feet. So this chicken is the perfect bird for watching.

Araucana Bird image
Araucana Bird image

Araucana is a Chilean breed of chicken, famous for its eggs, which are painted with red, blue, and purple henna flowers.  Araucana chicken is a medium-sized, active, and hardy bird. it is a cold hardy breed and will do well in the temperate zone of the world. they are a good layer of large eggs with dark shell color, they are also known for their beautiful bright colored feathers.

Araucana Chickens lay on average 200-250 eggs per year but because of the egg-eating habits of Araucanas, fewer eggs are available for hatching. The Chilean Araucana was developed in the 1920s by the French immigrant Jean Jaubert at his farm Matanzas at the southernmost point of Chiloé Island.


How do identify the Araucana bird?

  • The skin color is light yellow with white tail feathers and legs.
  • The head is yellow with a red comb and ears.
  • The beak is brown, the same as the ear.
  • The feathers are all in one color from yellow or brown to grey, however, some parts of the body are lighter than others so, for example, the shoulders or neck side, can be grey or white but not a too tiny part of it can have a different color of the feather.
  • The length of the neck is twice as long as the head’s length.


Araucana chicken is a medium-sized breed, its weight varies from 1.5 to 2.5 kg. Its comb is red, but unlike its wild ancestors’ combs, they do not grow upright. Their feet and legs are blue. The males are more colorful than the females, which are darker in color and appearance.

Araucana Bird identification
Araucana Bird identification

The hens lay pale blue eggs with darker markings. Mostly red, blue, and black colors, however, there are also examples of other colors. There is a single white feather in the comb that gives the breed its name.


They are excellent layers and producers of large eggs. They are also valuable for their feathers, which are beautiful with a wide range of colors and patterns.

There are three varieties: the standard egg color Araucana, Araucana Leucozona (blue eggs), and Araucana Castanea (black eggs).

Araucana chicken is sometimes used in the home ornamental chicken flock, but it is not well accepted by fanciers due to its albinism.


They are not fussy eaters and will eat all kinds of grains, seeds, fruits, vegetables, and even alfalfa.

They also love milk and calcium and can be used in gourmet chicken eggs if their diet is supplemented with some extra foods.

Best 11 Notes

The Chilean Araucana is a breed that has both meat and trimmings qualities, which makes it one of the most commercial chicken breeds. It has bright patterns of colors on its feathers such as red, blue, and purple henna flowers, which give them a special value not seen in other breeds.

Its eggs are also thought to be more flavorful than others because of the honeycomb of the colored shell. The eggs are considered a delicacy and are usually sold at high prices.

However, review the full breed profile of the Araucana bird in the following table.

Breed NameAraucana bird
Other NameAraucana chicken, Araucana, araucana de Jaubert, chilenas, chileno, chulineo
Breed Class, sizeMedium
Type of EggLay 250-350 eggs per year
Weight in kg1.5-2,5
ColourEars and Eyes: red or orange comb, yellow comb, and red earlobes with black eyes.
Climate ToleranceWell in the temperate zone and hot climates.
As PetsNot yet
Lifespan12 years


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