Aubrac cow is a breed of domestic beef cattle. It is a French breed. It originates on the Plateau de Aubrac in the Massif Central in central southern France. A full-sib cross of the Charolais and Limousin, it was bred in Aubrac by Nicolas Bovet. with a hardy constitution and a large frame, buffalo-like horns, and hair that ranges from light red to dark brown.
This cow is an excellent breed for both meat production as well as Angus type beef cattle herds because their conformation closely resembles the Angus breed. They are adapted to very hot, dry conditions.
How to identify Aubrac cow?
Aubrac cow is a very small animal with wide shoulders. They have broad, flat faces, low set forehead and short, broad and fleshy ears with skin easily removed during the slaughtering. Their coat is sparse and the hair is straight and thick. The colour varies from light red to dark brown colour, the tail colour varies between black and brown.
Aubrac cow has a dark red coloured horn. The body is short and lean with broad shoulders and a big frame. They have strong, pointed muzzles, wide hips and long legs. There is an absence of whiskers on the face and the ears are narrow, bunched up hair. The ears are always dark brown.
Aubrac cows are very big with massive heads and horns, well-muscled neck, deep and wide chest, broad croup and sloping rump. The animal is particularly belligerent. First-calvers in particular are aggressive towards anyone who approaches them. The cow is also extremely protective of its calf. The females are larger and more aggressive than the males.
They are very big with massive heads and horns, well-muscled neck, deep and wide chest, broad croup and sloping rump. The animal is particularly belligerent. First-calvers in particular are aggressive towards anyone who approaches them. The cow is also extremely protective of its calf. Aubrac cows graze well on pastures with little nutrition; they are fecund and have good milk production.
Aubrac cows are used for meat production. They are also kept for producing milk. They are very good as coaches and mothers.
Health Profile of Aubrac cow:
Aubrac cows can survive in a harsh climate and endure tough food conditions. They have a high resistance to disease and low susceptibility to production diseases. Their susceptibility level is extremely low i.e., 0 – 2 % for foot rot, blackleg and mastitis. They have good resistance to all pathogenic and parasitic diseases.
They are recommended for people who wish to have good quality beef cattle with low production costs, easy calving and no necessity of supplementary feeding while grazing. This cow is a reliable breed of cattle that needs no feeding while grazing. Its hardiness makes the animal fit in any type of environment including tropical areas.
It can survive in very harsh climatic conditions and endure tough weather conditions with high immunity to diseases like foot rot and blackleg.
Aubrac cows are a good pet choice because of their calm behaviour. They do not mess up the place and do not create problems for the owner. They are well mannered, calm and very friendly creatures. They are ideal as natural pets for children or a novice farmer who is looking for an inexpensive animal to keep on his farm or in his garden. This cows get along easily with other farm livestock like horses, donkeys, mules, donkeys, goats etc.
Aubrac cows need to be provided with spacious living quarters, good feed and clean water. Aubrac cows should always be kept in pairs or groups. They are very territorial and cannot tolerate the presence of other Aubrac cows within their territory. However, review the full breed profile of the Aubrac cows in the following table.
|Breed Name:||Aubrac cow.|
|Breed Purpose:||Meat, Milk Production: Moderately high (180l-200l).|
|Colour:||Colour may vary from red to light brown colour and black tail colour.|
|Temperament:||Calm, docile, easy to tame but very territorial. Aubrac cows get along easily with other farm livestock like horses, donkeys, mules, donkeys goats etc.|
|Climate Tolerance:||Cold and hot region.|
|Lifespan:||Around 13–14 years.|