Capuchin Pigeon: Best 10+ Information

The Capuchin pigeon is a breed of fancy pigeon developed over many decades of selective breeding. Its name means “capuchin-feathered pigeon”. Breeders began developing Capuchins in the late 1800s, and they are now one of the most popular breeds in the world.

They are among the most colorful of all pigeons, with iridescent feathers and a brilliant metallic blue-green or green head and tail. Capuchins are notable for their ability to land on the tips of their tails. Capuchin pigeons have been used for centuries in the capuchin monasteries of southern Spain; this breed was developed for racing and show purposes in Europe.


How to identify Capuchine Pigeon?

This breed is a medium-sized, all-purpose breed with a very short, sleek bird. The short beak is blocky and straight on males and upturned on females. The capuchin has an erect crest and a thin neck. The plumage color is iridescent green or blue, with flecks of black on the wings. This bird has long, narrow wings that extend to its knees.

WILD Capuchin Pigeon
WILD Capuchin Pigeon

The wing feathers are long, pointed, and curved upwards. The legs and feet are short, stout, and powerful. The neck is medium in length, wiry and strong. The crest is erect on males and arched on females. The eyes are bright, alert, and set far apart; they have a natural nonchalance that suggests a haughty expression.

White capuchine pigeon

White Capuchine pigeons have dark grey heads, dark grey bodies, and cream-colored wings and tails with a blue iris. White Capuchine pigeons have the same body type as black Capuchine pigeons. Female Capuchin pigeon: the female’s crest is slightly smaller than the male’s and their tails are shorter.

Female: average size is larger than that of males. The crest is smaller, the tail is shorter and rounder in shape. Sexing young birds can be difficult due to their similar size and plumage coloration; however, males will have a little longer crest, larger heads, and a very obvious dark grey ring around both eyes.

Behavioral characteristics

Capuchin pigeons are very active and energetic, often flying in circles or figure-eights. They are known for flying backward and landing on the tips of their tails. They have the unusual ability to fly headfirst downstairs. Their behavior can be extremely aggressive; they will attack other pigeons, cats, dogs, squirrels, and more.

BLACK Capuchin Pigeon
BLACK Capuchin Pigeon

capuchin pigeons have an affinity for people and pets; they make loyal companions as long as their owners provide them with lots of attention. When paired with a dog, a capuchin can learn to jump on command. Capuchins are generally quiet, like all pigeons.

They will not make loud noises or squawk with their wings as do some other breeds. However, like most birds, they still make noise with their beaks and feet – for example, when mating or when startled by something outside their cage. They can go months without food and water.

Special Considerations

Capuchin pigeons have sensitive, soft feet; it is important to keep them on solid surfaces as they can injure themselves. They are highly intelligent and fun to be around. These birds are also particular about their diet and care should be provided accordingly. 


Capuchin pigeons were originally called capuchin-feathered pigeons. Camarines pigeons became the standard in Spain, but the first breeds were developed in Austria, Germany, and France over many generations of selective breeding. However, review the full breed profile of the capuchin pigeons in the following table.

Best 10+ information

Breed Namecapuchin pigeon.
Other NameUrocyon littoralis.
Country/Place of OriginAustria, Germany, and France.
Breed PurposeRacing, homing, and show.
Weightmales-750 to 1000 grams(1.5 to 2 pounds), females-850 to 1100 grams(2.0 to 2.5 lb).
Body TypeMedium-sized.
Color Variationiridescent green, blue, or green with black flecks.
DietMostly vegetarian; sometimes in the wild, they eat fruits, seeds, nuts, and berries.
Flying AbilityHigh.
Homing AbilityExcellent.
TemperamentSerious, Serious, and Affectionate.
Climate ToleranceAll
As PetsGood, and good As Racing Birds.
Life Span12-15 years

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