Essex Pig Breed: Best 8+ Information

Essex pig breed is a type of pig that had been developed in the late 1800s. This particular breed of pigs has a distinctive pink-red coloration on white skin, which is a result of a recessive gene. Despite its rarity, Essex pig breeders have been working to maintain the genetic line and promote the population as an endangered species. The pigs are black, white, and buff.

The ears are pink with white rims around them. Black spots and stripes run along their backs in a swirling pattern. There is a black stripe down the spine, with an offset of white pigments running the length of the spine. Typically, the udders are reddish-pink with darker blotches throughout their tails and sides. These pigs have long thighs that extend past their hind legs, with hair covering them as well.

How to identify Essex pig breed:

Pigs will weigh between 50 and 75 pounds (23-34 kg). The ears are medium in size, slightly pointed, and will have a hare-like appearance when they are lying down. The mouth is large with small white teeth.

Essex Pig kids
Essex Pig kids

Their snout is black, with short hair covering it. The tail is stubby and fat, while the legs are long and covered in hair. The males will have tusks, which are usually curved upwards. The average life span of Essex pigs is 10 years, with a good number living up to 20 years.

Where do Essex pigs live:

Essex pigs are located in England, which is the original home of the breed. They are now found in many parts of the world, including France, Italy, Spain, and The United States. Their preferred habitats are grasslands and forests. They are not suitable to live in the suburbs.

Phylogenetic history:

Essex pigs are a relatively new pig breed. They were created in the late 1800s when crossbreeding of two different pig breeds, “the white” and “the red”, resulted in the development of the present-day Essex pig breed. The name “Essex” is derived from the county that was used as a sample for testing. The results from the field trial showed that the hair was reddish-pink and spotted like those found in Essex County, England.

Behavioral characteristics:

Essex pigs are extremely intelligent animals. They have a good memory and can learn things that are being taught to them almost immediately. They are normally fun-loving and affectionate but can be shy towards strangers, which makes it important to socialize with them at a young age.

Essex pigs are good foragers and enjoy rooting their snouts into the ground in search of food. When it comes to mating, these pigs prefer having a small group of other females around them while they’re breeding.


Essex pigs are raised primarily for meat production. The breed is considered to be a “one-way cross”, meaning that the resulting offspring does not breed true. If you have an Essex pig, there’s a strong possibility that its offspring will not have the same reddish-pink stripes, which makes it difficult to sell them as purebreds.


Essex pigs can begin breeding at 6 months of age, although they usually do so between the ages of 10 and 12 months. Essex pigs are normally ready to breed during the winter season, although they can breed throughout the entire year.


These animals are most comfortable eating dust food, grass, and seeds. They love going out in search of food and will eat anything that they find, including insects and small rodents. Essex pigs need around 1% of their body weight per day, which means that a 140-pound pig would need about 1 pound of food per day.

Best 8+ information:

The best information about the Essex pig breed comes from the American Livestock Breeds Conservatory. This organization works to maintain a variety of rare livestock breeds all over the world, including the Essex pig breed.

Breed NameEssex
Other NameNone
Breed Purpose For meat production.
Breed OriginEngland
Color Black, white, and buff
SizeWeight at age 1 year,70 to 90 lbs. (31 to 41 kg)
Climate ToleranceCool, but not cold.
Ease of Careeasy
Lifespan 10 – 20 years

In summary:

Essex pigs are a new pig breed, which means that they are relatively new in the world of livestock. They were created in the late 1800s when crossbreeding of two different pig breeds resulted in the development of this unique pig.

The name “Essex” is derived from the county where the sample was taken from during a field trial, where these pigs had reddish-pink stripes and spots throughout their hair. The hair on the snout is black with short hair covering it.

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