German Owl Pigeon: Care & Best 10+ Information

German owl pigeon is one of the strongest birds that is a non-venomous bird. it is also such a rare and wonderful creature to be seen or heard from in Germany. This beautiful bird has around 9-11 cm wingspan and weighs on average 1.5 kg (3 pounds). Their long tail feathers are usually about 12 cm long, can reach up to 25-30 cm when fully spread out, and flutter quickly in flight.

It has large black eyes, a yellow beak, and greyish cinnamon-colored feathers below. The most beautiful one is the meadow owl, which gets its name from where it lives by the look of its feathers: The meadow owl’s wingspan is about 9-10 inches or 23-25 centimeters.


How to identify a German owl pigeon?

German owl pigeon is a medium size bird with a length of 15 to 19 cm and weighs on average 0.57 kg. It has usually dark brown feathers on its upper parts with greyish-brown spots.

The red saddle, the long dark tail, the dark eyes, and the bare eye-ring are characteristic of this species. Its bill and the soles of its feet are yellow. The female has paler feathers than the male.

Behavioral characteristics

German owl pigeon is a very shy bird, who enjoys the shelter of underbrush and dense woods. This bird stays on the ground only in exceptional cases. It hides in small crevices, such as behind boulders or under large rocks. It feeds mostly on seeds. This bird is more active during brilliant sunlight hours between 10 am and 3 pm, but it also frequents other hours of daylight and night when hungry or disturbed.

German Owl Pigeon Pair
German Owl Pigeon Pair

The owl pigeons are very territorial birds and their nesting sites can be very hard to find, as they prefer to nest on cliffs high above the ground. The male attracts a female by showing his beautiful plumage and by dancing with an exaggerated display of his long tail feathers.


German owl pigeons’ primary use is as a stewing birds; they are also edible, but rather small and are seldom consumed. This bird is also used in falconry, unfortunately, their numbers have declined sharply.

Mesolithic hunters considered it a delicacy for special occasions and stored them for the wintertime in ice holes in the tundra. Because of its large eyes and high sensitivity to light, this bird was believed to have healing powers. It is a protected animal nowadays and should never be eaten.

German owl pigeon care

These birds are very sensitive to high temperatures and need to be kept at an appropriate temperature that is around 10 degrees Celsius (50 F) in order not to suffer from hypothermia. The most common temperature for breeding German owl pigeons is the tropical zone of 27 to 30 degrees during the day.


They must also be provided with a healthy diet. A few hundred grams of bread crumbs are sufficient for them. It may not eat vegetables, but it will eagerly accept seeds, like millet, oats, or rice. This intelligent bird needs a lot of space to move about and should be placed on an appropriate perch of around 100 cm long. If handled too much, it may become aggressive.


These birds do not get many diseases. However, they may suffer from Roseomucosa (deformed beak) and psittacosis (respiratory illness). The application of breadcrumbs or honey on the claws helps to clean them. They should be handled with care and must not be grabbed by the bird, but only gently lifted when needed in order not to hurt them as well. The birds live between 15 and 20 years.

Special Considerations

German owl pigeons are highly sensitive to sunlight and loud sounds. They must not be handled during the day or kept in cages that do not provide proper ventilation. If possible, these animals should be kept outside the house but in a safe place away from direct sunlight during the daytime. Nothing should be given to these pigeons, as they are not able to digest it.

To prevent them from getting bored, the owner must offer them an appropriate object for interaction or toys for exercising. It is not recommended to use perches of too high or too low quality, as it may result in injuries. However, review the full breed profile of the german owl pigeon in the following table.

Best 10+ information

Breed NameGerman owl pigeon
Other namesOwl pigeon, Eurasian wood pigeon  
Country/Place of OriginGermany  
Breed PurposePets, Ornamental, Meat
Mature Weight0.57 Kg
ColoringBrown and Grey
TemperamentShy and skittish, Territorial, Aggressive with other males of this species, Gentle with Humans
Flying AbilityGreat
Feeding HabitsSeeds, Drink Water Twice Daily
Climate ToleranceCold, Tropical
The lifespan of Breed15-20 years
As PetsYes, but with strict conditions.
Lifespanaround 10-12 years.

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