Herring Fish Facts, Best 16 Information

Herring fish facts is a fast-growing blog that shares the latest and greatest news updates on herring fish. The herring is a small, silvery fish with a high-backed and compressed body. Herring can be found in coastal waters all over the world, often schooling where food is abundant around underwater structures or where freshwater enters the ocean. Herring primarily eat plankton and small crustaceans.


How do identify herring fish?

Herring fish have large, almond-shaped eyes. Their backs are bony and the head is covered with small, denticles or plates that look like small teeth.

Picture Herring Fish
Picture Herring Fish

The herring has a long dorsal fin that extends back to its pelvic fins and the tail usually has several spines as well as barbels at the end of it. The herring is a bottom feeder that uses its prominent mouth to eat food that is available along the seabed or underwater rocks.

Behavioral characteristics

Atlantic herring live in temperate waters along the Atlantic coast and along the coast of Europe as far north as Scandinavia to Iceland and the Barents Sea. Pacific herring lives off the coasts of Alaska south to Baja California and also of Japan, Korea, China, and Taiwan.

There are two main types of herring: small-bodied and large-bodied. Smaller fish generally live in shallower water and larger fish tend to occupy deeper areas. Herring reproduce every year but grow slowly, living up to 2 or 3 years as adults. Herring roe is sought after by many predators including humans and whales because it is a rich source of energy, fat, and protein.

Breeding Herring Fish Facts

Atlantic and Pacific herring reproduce in the spring and summer. They spawn at different times of the year depending on their location. During spawning time males will gather in large groups to release their ripe sperm into the water column for females to pick up and use to fertilize their eggs.

Herring will spawn in large groups with members of both sexes. The males then die after spawning are quickly eaten by other fish.


The herring is a popular fish in many countries and is also traditional food. Herring has been used as food since the Middle Ages. There are still many markets that sell Norwegian herring all over Europe. In Norway, they are known as “Luss”. The species has been extensively exploited, especially in the 19th century when catches reached their peak. This led to problems of overfishing.

Types of herring fish

There are many names of herring fish is known in different places. Some of the most common names are:

  • Atlantic herring (Clupea Harengus)
  • Pacific herring (Clupea Pallasi)
  • Black herring (Clupea Melanopus)
  • Blue herring (Clupea australis)
  • Pinker herring (Clupea Haemobaphes)
  • This fish is also called “Pacific hake” or “Haplochromis” fish.

Special Considerations

Herring is a very common fish and therefore there are no restrictions on the amount that can be caught. The herring you eat is probably farm-raised fish because it is difficult to catch them in the wild, except in some parts of Canada.

Herring feed on plankton so they can be farmed close to shore in large pens usually near where there is rich plankton life. This production of farm-raised herring creates a good source of income for many people. However, review the full breed profile of the herring fish in the following table.

Best 16 information

NameHerring fish.
Common NameBaltic herring, Atlantic herring, Blueback herring.  
Latin NameClupea harengus / Clupea pallasii.
Scientific classificationKingdom Animalia, phylum Chordata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Clupeidae Singer.
FamilyClupeidae, herrings, shads, menhadens and Pilchards.
GroupCold-blooded animals.
Depth45 m to 571.5 m below sea level.
pH6.0 to 8.
ColorBlue, silver, silver-gray, silvery, and white.
Fish Weight14 lbs to 28 lbs  (6.4 kg to 13.2 kg ).
Water Temperature (°C)9 °C to 30 °C °F 57.2 °F to 86 °F °C 75.
SizeUp to 32 inches in length and can weigh up to 5 pounds.
Fish CategoryBottom feeder fish, food fish, and baitfish.Source of DDT Fish Facts: Wikipedia.
DietFeed on plankton.
Lifespan3 years.


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