Kaghani goat is a breed of goat, the milk of which is used to produce kaghani cheese. It is bred mainly in India and Pakistan, where it is more popular than imported European varieties. The Kaghani goat breed is the backbone of an unbroken lineage stretching back more than 4000 years.
It is written in our scriptures of Manu Shastra that the Kaghani goat was created by Lord Brahma for providing milk to feed Krishna with its ideal balance of fat, protein, and sugar.
How to identify kaghani goat:
- It has a very long, pendulous, and twisted pair of spiral horns.
- Its body is well-proportioned, with a broad chest and well-developed forequarters.
- It has small, yellowish or white ears that fold backward at rest causing the tips to touch its shoulders.
- Its neck is clean, long, and slightly arched with a prominent dewlap on either side which continues onto the chest area forming a sort of kacha(bag)like formation
- Its legs are short and stout, with firm, compact hooves.
- It has a short, rough, and coarse coat of hair, and is covered with a thick down of soft hair
- Its tail is short and scanty
- Colors are black or brown with white markings on the face and legs
- Average height is 36–39 inches (91-99 cm) at the withers for males and 34-38 inches (86-97 cms) for females
- Average weight is male 75-90 kgs and female 60-70 kgs
Kaghani goats graze freely in the summer but are fed with green fodder, preferably Napier grass and sorghum, in the winter. The males are castrated at an early age to ultimately attain more meat and less fat. It takes seven years for a Kaghani goat to reach maturity; they have a life span of 15–20 years. The females have 60 days of lactation per year.
Kaghani, a breed of goat reared mainly in Pakistan and India, is popular for its milk, which is used in the production of kaghani cheese. The very first mention of the Kaghani goat’s origin can be traced back to Vedic text (4.4.19), written in 1750 BC, which states that Lord Brahma created the Kaghani goat for providing milk to feed Krishna with its ideal balance of fat, protein, and sugar.
Best 10 information:
Goat breed type:
Kaghani goats are a breed of domestic goat, specifically bred for meat, milk, hides, and wool production.
Kaghani goats are mainly black or brown. White markings on the face and legs are acceptable.
Height/length of male and female:
- Male height: 36-39 inches (91-99 cm) at the withers
- Female height: 34-37 inches (86-95 cm) at the withers
Weight of males and females:
- Male weight 75-90 kgs
- Female weight 60-70 kgs
Diet and feeding chart:
Milk production chart for adult goats (breeds are separated into categories): The average yield per lactation is 200-300 kg. The production of fresh milk, cheese, yogurt, and butter cannot be guaranteed because the genetic constitution of the breed has developed to produce moderate amounts of protein in the milk.
Average lifespan of male and female goats:
- Male (kaghani goat) 15-20 years
- Female (kaghani goat) 15-20 years
In Pakistan, females are bred in October/November and give birth to kids in March/April. In India, females are bred from June till September and give birth to kids from December to April. The breeding season for both countries is different due to the difference in climate conditions.
Kaghani goats are suitable for a warm/tropical climate, as they are bred and reared mainly in the tropical belt of the Asian subcontinent.
Rasil is the place where the best breed of goats (Kaghani) has been developed by a shepherd. It is located in the Mariki District of Jafar a bad city in Balochistan, Pakistan. Rasil is an Arabic word that means Sheep Fold/ Goat Fold.
The kaghani goat breed is one of the oldest breeds of goat that was developed 4000 years ago. The growth and maintenance of this breed require considerable knowledge and financial resources. This goat breed is very sensitive to changes in climatic conditions and management practices, therefore they need to be adapted to local conditions in developed countries.