Latvian Brown, Best 10 Information

Latvian brown is a cattle breed that probably originated in the Latvian region, and is one of the few breeds still found there today. The breed’s milk name is Aprizīte, meaning “graceful,” of its distinctive white coat, which can vary from light to dark brown. It has a light coat that produces an intense cream color on its udder-body surface. This layer protects the animal from the cold.

Latvian Cattle breed
Latvian Cattle breed

Aprizīte is known to be a good milk producer, but gentle by nature. It is one of four dairy breeds native to Latvia. The Latvian Brown Cow is fairly small and docile, which makes them very popular on children’s farms. The breed can also be very fertile, but low in milk production for a natural milking cow (the average yield is about 5% of its body weight).


How to identify Latvian brown

Latvian brown cattle are small, but sturdy and strong. They have a thick coat of hair that is light to dark brown. The tail can grow up to 50 cm (20 in), and the horns up to 40 cm (16 in). Although they can be identified by coat color and white face markings, they can also be identified by the coloring on the ears, which are covered with pale pink skin. The hairline on the ears is a lighter color than the rest of the body, typically blonde or brown in appearance.

Behavioral characteristics

Latvian brown cattle are very gentle and easy to handle. They are docile, even-tempered, and do not normally have fears towards humans. They usually spend their time grazing in meadows or low-lying areas when it is warm, but they have been seen standing in the cold during the winter months with little clothing protection.

During the summer, they are mostly found in sheltered areas, often near ponds. Latvian brown cattle are good at communicating with other cattle and are known for their trustworthiness.


The Latvian Brown Cattle were used primarily as a family cow breed in Latvia and were mainly kept for their milk production. Because of this, Latvian brown cattle were used to produce UHT (Ultra High Temperature) milk, which is often sold in the retail market.

It is also seen as a valuable part of an extensive breeding program for dairy cattle today. The breed can be found on cattle farms throughout Latvia where they are used to produce finished products such as milk and meat.

As pet

Latvian brown cattle are also commonly kept as pets due to their friendly nature towards humans. They are often seen around the farms or in petting zoos and can be kept in a small area without much grass required.

pet Latvian Brown cattle
pet Latvian Brown cattle

The Latvian brown cow is a calm and docile animal that belongs to the Baltic Brown Cattle Group under the Brown Cattle Breed Classification System. The word “cow” was derived from the Slavic word “Koza” which means young cow or heifer.

Health issue

Latvian brown cows are known to suffer from mastitis, a condition that is caused by inflammation of the udder. Latvians have been used to vaccinate cattle against the disease. They generally need to be treated with antibiotics from five days to ten days after the cow has given birth.

They are also prone to developing leg problems and other diseases like rickets and laminitis. The breed is quite economical, attracting a premium price when it comes to dairy and meat production. However, review the full breed profile of the Latvian brown cows in the following table.

Best 10 information

Breed NameLatvian Brown Cattle.
Other NameAprizīte.
Breed Class, sizeMedium to Large.
OriginLatvia, Baltic region – Region.
UsesMilk, meat, stud, and pet.
DietRoughage – grass, hay and silage, grain with supplement.
ColourLight to dark brown, a coat with a light-pink skin on the ears.
TemperamentCalm, docile, and easy to handle.
Climate ToleranceWarm.
Age at first calf12-15 months.
Average Lifespan12-15 years. record 18 years.


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