Magur fish farming is a practice in which the fish are raised in water tanks and fed with a variety of feed formulations. Some of these feed formulations are made from enriched ingredients like Soya protein, maize meal, wheat bran, and groundnut cake.
They also include natural ingredients like soya beans, processed pulse, and oil from blood fish. Magur fish farming is practiced in certain regions of India on a small scale. It is done mostly by the farmers who live near the water bodies and have some experience in farming.
The Magur fish are fed with commercial feed or with the vegetable waste of rice husk, cotton stems lentil stalks and wheat straw which is available nearby.
Best 2 Types of Magur fish farming
1. Shallow type Magur fish farming
2. Deep tank type Magur fish farming
Shallow type Magur fish farming
shallow type of Magur fish farming involves the construction of a simple pond known as “Magur”. In this pond, the farmers place the bottom-most layer with gravel. On this gravel are placed tiles, pots, or old plastic containers to serve as feeding and breeding places for the fishes.
The second layer in the pond is mud. In this mud, the fish are kept either individually or in groups. Sometimes, larger ponds are also dug out and kept full of water.
Filling these ponds with water is done mostly by hand pumps and canals. Shallow type of Magur fish farming is practiced all over India because it involves only a small amount of effort and the technology to build a Magur is simple.
deep tank type Magur fish farming
Deep type of Magur fish farming involves the construction of large ponds. These ponds are placed in a large area and filled with water before they are closed with walls and doors.
The farmers irrigate them from wells or from canals that are connected to the water bodies. Deep type of Magur fish farming is practiced most often in Haryana and Punjab.
Construction is costly but it will ensure the safety of fish and their optimal growth. You have to do proper planning and make sure you have good drainage systems in place that can prevent any contamination from happening.
You have to secure your tank from any potential damage or harm as well to guarantee your business’ success You need to make sure that the location of your tank is strategic so it will not get damaged by storms, floods, or other natural calamities.
Tank Making System
You need to build an effective filtration system for your fish tank. You can use a mechanical filtration system or use the natural biological filtration system i.e., gravel bed filter.
You may also decide to build a double aquarium wherein you can place Magur fish in one tank and other kinds of fish species in another tank.
You need to always ensure that the level of water in the tank is not decreasing. If it falls below the minimum required level, then your fish will not thrive and will eventually die. You also have to ensure that an adequate amount of water is added so that your fish do not die of dehydration.
You can perform regular tests to know the exact level at which they are living, which will enable you to know when you need to be adding new water or when there’s a leak somewhere in your system.
Water changing system
You need to change the water in your tank. This will usually be done by siphoning off water that has been used and replacing it with fresh water. You should plan for proper drainage so that the tank is not being flooded out or damaged.
This is also a good time to change the filters as well and ensure they are cleaned thoroughly. If you are using a mechanical filtration system, it needs to be properly maintained so that it will work optimally and efficiently all year round.
You have to make sure that the oxygen content in your water is not too low. Since oxygen is necessary for Magur fish to flourish, you need to add carbon dioxide as well.
You can also add a chemical called nitrate reductase, which will cause an increase in the reduction of nitrate in your water. This will also help you maintain an optimum level of oxygen in your tank.
Feeding is an important factor in your Magur fish farming business. You have to feed them at regular hours and with the right amount of food. Fish need food to grow and thrive. You have to feed them at least once a day for the fish meat industry to grow and flourish.
You have to feed your Magur fish with the right kind of food so they can develop properly and produce healthy offspring. You have to be aware of the different kinds of foods that you can feed your fish. You have to learn how to properly feed them and what types of food will harm their growth.
Other Care And Management
You need to ensure that you are attending to all the other needs of your fish. you have to properly clean, maintain, and otherwise, look after your fish tank. They need adequate lighting and temperature control as well. You also need to keep up with the waste removal system i.e.
Bucket or other containers designed for this purpose, and ensure that it is emptied correctly when full. You can also learn more about the equipment required to catch Magur fish in ponds, lakes, or other waterways.
Fish farming requires a lot of time, energy, and patience. You have to plan properly and ensure that all your equipment is in good condition.
You also have to be very careful about what you feed your fish as it may harm their growth or overall health. You may also want to consider the different types of fish species that are suitable for farming.
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