Moong dal farming is one of the most traditional and most important crops in Indian agriculture. Moong dal farming is a state-wide industry that feeds over Rs. 5,000 crores to the Indian economy every year. In India, moong dal farming is done mainly in Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Bihar.
In Karnataka, these crops are grown from March-April to June-July with some rainfall and irrigation required for early cultivation of the crop in dry areas like north Karnataka where it’s dry from November to February.
- 1 Benefits of moong dal farming
- 2 Best 10 nutritional benefits of moong dal
- 3 How To Start A moong dal farming?
- 4 How to plant moong dal?
- 5 Select The Good Land
- 6 Choose A Variety Of Seeds Of moong dal
- 7 sowing season of moong dal farming
- 8 Seeds Per Acre
- 9 Planting Method
- 10 Watering
- 11 Weeding
- 12 Fertilizing
- 13 Pests and Diseases
- 14 The harvesting season of moong dal farming
- 15 Marketing
- 16 Conclusion
Benefits of moong dal farming
- Low cost and high profit.
- Helps in controlling blood pressure, and diabetes.
- Need minimum labor
- Need low water supply.
- High demand world over the world
Best 10 nutritional benefits of moong dal
Moong dal is one of the most nutritious crops, some of its uses are :
- It helps to control blood sugar and lipid levels in metabolic disorders like diabetes and hypercholesterolemia.
- It also improves immunity, lowers cholesterol, and boosts immunity.
- It is a good source of protein & carbohydrates with a good balance between the two.
- Many people do not know that moong dal is an excellent source of calcium and iron which improves your overall health and fitness.
- Moong dal is also a source of vitamin B1, thiamin and niacin.
- Moong dal is used to make many types of Indian dishes such as moong dal fry, kadhi, Sev, and dhokla.
- Moong dal is also used in traditional Indian medicine.
- Reduce the risk of cancer
- Good for skin and hair
- Calcium, fiber, and mineral content are high in these crops.
How To Start A moong dal farming?
moong dal farming is a simple and long-term business that can be started with the help of family members.
How to plant moong dal?
There are many ways to plant moong dal. The most commonly planted pea in India is moong daal. Almost every household in north and south India keeps a small patch of moong plants. It helps them promote their kitchen yard for their daily requirements as well as for sale in the market.
Select The Good Land
Select good land with suitable soil: the chosen land should be well drained and have adequate organic matter. Moong dal is a crop that can survive in poor soils. It tolerates salinity, alkaline soils, and acidity.
Prepare the soil for digging: plowing or digging a small trench to prepare for planting is advisable for any crop grown by hand. To prepare the soil, we pass it through a sieve to remove stones, roots, and weeds.
Choose A Variety Of Seeds Of moong dal
There are many varieties of seeds available to grow moong dal. We choose the best-suited one for the region.
name of some Variety Of Seeds Of moong dal:
- Saras: The most popular variety of moong dal. Planted mainly by farmers in North India.
- Fava beans: The Fababeans are a popular variety of moong dal that is grown in the South.
- Kasu V15: This variety of moong dal has been developed to suit the climate of Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, and Madhya Pradesh.
- Boke: This variety of moong dal is still popular in North and West India.
- Kolai: This variety of moong dal is grown in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Maharashtra.
- Keerthi: A medium-sized variety developed for the hot and dry regions in Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Madhya Pradesh.
- Kiran: Another variety of moong dal that is grown in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Uttar Pradesh.
- Hyderabadi: A medium-sized variety of moong dal developed for the hot and dry areas of Madhya Pradesh and Orissa.
- Moti: The most popular variety of moong daal, Moti is a medium-sized crop. It can be grown in regions with a high moisture content or heavy rainfall.
- Mirza: This variety of moong dal is popular in north India. It is a medium-sized variety that can be grown in regions with high moisture content or heavy rainfall.
- Bhendi: This variety of moong daal has been developed to suit the climate of south India. It can be grown in regions with a long dry season, long wet season, and temperate climate.
sowing season of moong dal farming
The best time to sow the moong dal seeds is from March to June. The sowing starts in March and continues till June with some rainfall. The main reason for this is that the soil gets warm by early March, which will help in the fast growth of the leaves of moong dal.
The moong plant also requires a lot of moisture and warmth during its initial stage. The plant goes through the germination stage in a week. The germinated seedlings are ready for transplantation. In the sowing season, plant the moong dal seeds in rows ensuring 50 cm between each row and 15 cm between each seed.
It is better to sow moong dal on gentle slopes rather than on the level ground. Irrigation is an essential requirement for the growth of moong dal seeds. Irrigation should be given only after the initial stage of germination has taken place.
Seeds Per Acre
Planting new moong dal seeds requires 8 kg of seeds per acre. If the yield is less than 50-60 kg of dal and 30-40 bags of 80 gms, then the kind of crop can be changed to Bajra or Cowpea.
The planting of the seeds of moong dal can be done manually or by using the rototiller or a plow. Till the soil first and then sow the seeds at intervals of one meter. It is better to plant on gentle slopes rather than on the level ground.
Moong daal is a legume crop, which fixes atmospheric nitrogen in its root nodules by symbiotic association with Rhizobium species, some beneficial bacterial species colonize with moong dal plants and help in extracting nutrients required for growth.
Moong dal seeds need a lot of moisture in the initial stages of growth. They should be irrigated regularly to ensure fast growth. Irrigation should be done after the germination process has started.
Weeding is essential in moong dal farming. It is best to use less toxic pesticides and weedicides to control weeds. Weeding can be done with a hoe to control weeds.
Fertilized moong dal seeds are not ready to harvest in the first year. It needs more fertilizer in the second year to increase its yield.
Pests and Diseases
Pests and diseases are common in many crops, but they can be reduced to a great extent by using less toxic pesticides. Planting the seeds of moong dal in rows is the best way to control pests and diseases. Spray pesticides such as water-soluble whitewash are the most effective solution for controlling pests and diseases.
The harvesting season of moong dal farming
The best time to harvest moong daal is between October and December. In the first year, harvest 1-2 kg of moong daal per acre, and in the second year, harvests 5-6 kg per acre.
Moong dal is harvested when it is fully grown and has a firm appearance and strong root system. The yield can be 60-70 kg of dal per acre.
Moong dal farming can be started by people who are ready to take risks. Selling moong dal directly to the farmers is the better option because it will get a good price than selling it in the market.
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