Organic Brinjal Farming: Best 4 Steps

Organic brinjal farming is a very important part of a sustainable and profitable organic farm. Brinjal is one of the most common vegetables. You must know the steps to organic brinjal farming if you want your endeavor to be prosperous and sustainable. There are different types of brinjal farming, but the most common is by seed. When you do seed brinjal farming, you are planting in a little bit of soil and water.

In this type of farming, you will cultivate the seeds to save a few and keep some to start again when the crop is ready to harvest. If you only want one, be sure that you have enough space for your plants so that they do not get stunted by sharing with their neighbors.

How To Start Organic brinjal farming?

Organic brinjal farming steps will enable you to grow the very best organic brinjals. Organic brinjals are not only the tastiest, they are the most nutritious of all. The output of organic brinjal farming is high and so is the demand. Organic food has a great demand in the market and this increases the chances of profit immensely.

Organic Brinjal Farming
Organic Brinjal Farming

Select the good land: Select your land with care. The soil must be fertile and well-drained. Such lands give a good yield. Avoid swampy lands if possible.

Preparing the soil:

The soil must be prepared rather than fertilized. Plough the land up to 60cm and remove stones, weeds, etc. Apply a thick mulch of compost or green manure on top of it. This helps inadequate water retention when needed as well as keeps weeds at bay for some time until you can create a good cover of vegetation and compost over it.

Preliminary cultivation:

Once you have been able to prepare the soil and it is ready for planting, you can now start the gardening. Sow your seeds to ensure that they get good support and grow well. When they start sprouting, water them daily with a sprayer to ensure that they get all the needed nourishment from their roots. Nourish them well by applying organic manure and compost regularly. Choose A Variety Of Organic brinjal seeds: you must choose the right variety.

brinjal Planting
brinjal Planting

Choose a variety that is disease resistant and thrives well in this part of the country. If you can, grow heirloom varieties that give a good yield and are high in protein content as well as nutrition. Choose The Correct Time To Plant Organic brinjal seeds: Choose the right time to plant your seeds by consulting an expert or doing some research yourself. There are different reasons for planting organic brinjal seeds depending on where you live.

Name of Variety Of Organic brinjal:

Here are a few varieties that you may want to consider:-

  • Grades(Indira):

This variety is a hybrid variety, highly demanded and recommended by farmers. It has a light green color and a round shape. Grades are disease resistant and have a high yield.

  • Red Giant:

This variety is suitable for growing in all parts of the country. Red Giant has a high protein content of 8% to 9%. Red giant also has a long shelf life of up to 6 months if kept well in cool temperature conditions.

  • Red Dwarf:

A red dwarf is a hybrid variety, highly demanded and recommended by farmers. It is popular due to its resistance to disease and adaptability.

  • Minto:

This variety of organic brinjal farming has very good yields and high protein content of 9% to 10%. it is also resistant to disease and has a long shelf life if kept at recommended storage conditions.

  • Gandhi

This variety is a hybrid and highly demanded by the farmers. The green color is beautiful and the shape small. it has a very good yield and high protein content of 9% to 10%.

It also has a long shelf life of up to 6 months if kept well in cool temperature conditions.

  • Sylheti:

Sylheti is also a hybrid variety, highly demanded by farmers. It is popular due to its resistance to disease and adaptability.

  • Stuart:

This variety of organic brinjal farming has very good yields and high protein content of 9% to 10%. it is also resistant to disease and has a long shelf life if kept at recommended storage conditions.

  • Prudens:

Prudens is a hybrid variety, highly demanded by farmers. It is popular due to its resistance to disease and adaptability.

  • Tulsi

Tulsi is also a hybrid variety, highly demanded by farmers. It is popular due to its resistance to disease and adaptability.

  • Chaklad:

This variety of organic brinjal farming has very good yields and high protein content of 9% to 10%. it is also resistant to disease and has a long shelf life if kept at recommended storage conditions.

Seeds Per Acre:

  • 5-3 seeds per acre are recommended for the early cultivation of brinjal.

The spacing between the plants should be such that there is a free circulation of air around them. This will help in preventing disease attacks. Planting closer than 1.5m is not recommended because it will disturb their growth and yield as plants require a lot of air and sunlight for photosynthesis.

  • 5m apart from each other is ideal for brinjal plants to grow properly.

This is the most important factor for brinjal farming. yield is that portion of a mass of seeds that produces fruit and flowers in a given space. For example, 1 kilo of brinjal gives you 20 kgs of fruits and flowers (or seedlings), once harvested it gives you 10 kgs.

Planting Method:

  • Sow your brinjal seeds around January to March in the Southern parts and around October to December in the Northern states.
  • The seeds should be planted between 1.5m to 2m apart from each other. As mentioned before, this is an important factor in organic brinjal farming as it helps them grow properly.
  • If you keep some of your brinjal plants back and harvest them when they are fruit or flower, you will now see that each plant has many flowers and fruits on it. This is because when you keep some back and let them grow, they can produce many flowers and fruits.
leaves cutting time
leaves cutting time

You can also do this with some of your brinjal plants by cutting the plants at a specific height. When they reach that height, start cutting off their leaves to form a bud. This is where the fruit would grow after one month. In one month, it would have grown in height and produced buds at a faster rate. Use organic manure and green manure to ensure they get the best nourishment through their roots.

Watering:

Drip irrigation is a good way to water your organic brinjal plants because you can control the amount of water released at a time. Manual watering is also good as it helps remove any stones or weeds that are in the soil. Water should be given when the soil feels dry. It is also important to water well around the plant to ensure that all its roots are moist.

Fertilizing:

The most important factor for the success of farming is good quality compost and manure. A large area should be prepared so that the seeds can get enough nutrients to produce a sweet and tasty crop. Organic manure (cow dung or sheep dung) helps in creating healthy soil which gives better yields

  • Organic fertilizer is also recommended to be used while gardening organic brinjal seeds. Fertilizer must be applied by spreading it on the soil before sowing.
  • A 200kg unit of compost should be spread evenly over the field and left for one week. Over this period, water the soil well and leave it to dry up.
  • After three weeks, water again and allow drying up. The next day, water the soil again to a depth of 20 cm and sift through it with a hand egg cultivator/roller tool or some kind of hand whisks/hoe designed especially for this purpose. Be careful to not damage the drain pipes which may become clogged.

Controlling  Weeds:

Weeds should be controlled through mulching. Placing a thick layer of mulch on the soil is one of the best ways to fight weeds. This is done by turning over a layer of organic material such as straw, hay, or leaf litter over the soil after sowing seeds. This layer helps in holding in moisture and also keeps the soil warm and moist which helps in seed germination. Weeding should be done once the vegetable plants start growing well.

Diseases And Pests:

Brinjal is susceptible to several diseases, pests, and fungal infections. As we mentioned earlier, weed control should be done once the vegetable starts growing well. Infection by these should be passed on to the new crop not just washed off with a water spray but needs immediate attention to prevent any disease or fungus from spreading to other species of plants.

The most common diseases include:-

  • Common Rust:
  • This disease is spread by wind and water. The first signs of this disease appear as rust-colored pustules on leaves.

The best way to prevent this is by avoiding overhead irrigation and planting resistant varieties.

  • Common Mildew:
  • This also appears in the form of rusty-colored spots on leaves and stems. The fungus grows well in wet weather, therefore it is important to not over-water plants after they are a couple of weeks old.
  • Bacterial wilt is identified by drooping leaves and stems, followed by plant death.
  • Fungal Wilt

This disease appears as wilting of plants and eventually died on the stem. The symptoms are similar to bacterial wilt except that the stem is brown.

  • Bacterial spot:
  • This appears as spots on leaves that later turn brown followed by the death of leaves and eventually leading to crop failure.
  • Downy mildew:
  • This appears as velvety patches with yellow-colored spots on leaves. This disease appears as an early summer pest that spreads to other host plants.
  • Whitefly:
  • Whiteflies attack the lower surface of leaves and are identified by lighter-colored patches on the leaves due to the accumulation of honeydew secreted by these tiny pests.
  • Bacterial Leaf blight:
  • White or brown spots appear on the leaves with yellow patches appearing around the center. The infection appears as circular pustules which eventually spread to other plants.
  • Powdery mildew:
  • This product of fungi like whitefly attacks the topmost surface of leaves causing them to turn yellow and later brown. This also causes death to leaves and stems as well as fruit production of these plants.
  • Sphaceloma:
  • This is a disease that attacks the stems of brinjal plants. Its appearance is identified by the splintering, browning, and thickening of the stem with small holes.
  • Black rot:
  • Appears as black spots or streaks on the stem or leaves of brinjal, which later turn black. This disease is spread by various weeds such as cowpea grass, chickweeds, and yellow starthistle.

Disease Control:

1. The best way to control diseases is to prevent them from spreading by keeping the field clean and avoiding overhead irrigation.

2. Plants that have a history of the disease should be isolated from other plants in the field so that they do not infect the new crops.

3. It is important to maintain the level of PH in soil by adding lime or sulfur to prevent diseases caused due to fungus attacks.

4. Planting disease-resistant varieties helps in preventing diseases and funguses attacks.

5. Identifying the diseases is necessary to treat them well. It is best to seek help from a qualified agricultural advisor or someone who has experience in organic farming.

Also, it can be prevented from spreading by controlling weeds and keeping the field clean and dry at all times. Close monitoring of plants with signs of infection is necessary to help determine their cause and cure them quickly before the infection spreads to other plants in the field or garden.

Marketing:

Brinjal grown in a small garden, farm or backyard will not be sold in the open market. They are mainly consumed by the family members at home. Small garden and farm produce is sold to the local market whereas large farms can sell to larger markets in nearby towns or cities.

Ready for marketing
Ready for marketing

Brinjal can be grown as an ornamental crop in a garden of any size and can add color and flavor to any flower beds or flowerbeds.

In summary:

Brinjal is an important vegetable crop in India, where it is mainly grown for household consumption. It has the potential of being a food crop for rural communities and the country as a whole. The farm-leisure link of brinjal can greatly improve its marketing potential by encouraging farmers to grow brinjal in small backyard gardens or farm plots. The market potential of brinjal can also be enhanced if farmers are supported in raising specific varieties with resistance to its diseases and pests.

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