Pabda Fish: Best 10 Basic Information

Pabda fish is a species of catfish found in the rivers of Bangladesh and India. It is a freshwater fish found in ponds, canals, and streams. Pabda is an oval-shaped fish that has pronounced scales on its body.

These scales have a darker outline compared to the lighter-colored scales on the belly part of the fish. This species usually grows between 8-12 inches long with a maximum thickness of one inch at its widest point, but some grow up to 14 inches long.


How to identify Pabda fish?

Pabda fish has a dark back and belly. Pabda has a dark pattern on the scales Pabda fish feed on decomposing plant matter. Pabda fish is an opportunistic predator that feeds on insects, small invertebrates, and small fishes.

Pabda fish
Pabda fish

Pabda is not aggressive predators but can be bothered by other predators such as eels, pike, catfish, gudgeons, and some types of carp. Pabda fish are bottom feeders and will feed on the floor of their environment. Pabda fish lives in an open-water habitat.

Origin Of Pabda fish:

During the last two centuries, Pabda has been exploited in India and Bangladesh for its meat, eggs, and fins. In the early part of the 20th century, wild-caught Pabda were fished from the Barak River basin in West Bengal. They were exported to neighboring states such as Bihar and Orissa.

Other reports indicate that they have also been taken from the Bhagirathi River Basin of AP state in eastern India. It was claimed to be originated from the Padma river in Bangladesh. Now it is cultivated in more than 20 rivers of Bangladesh including Purobi and Karnaphuli.

How to start a Pabda fish farm?

Pond preparation:

The optimal pond sizes range from 250-1000 square meters. The depth of the water should be between 2 and 5 feet. The pH level of the pond water should be 9.0-9.5. Pabda requires a moderately rich source of oxygen and requires a healthy habitat that can provide this source. However, Pabda will thrive in ponds with poor oxygen levels as well as those which are highly agitated by the current or wind.

Seed collection:

Seed collection can be done manually or mechanically. Manual harvest can be done by hand netting and is the most commonly used method among low-income farmers.

Pabda seed collection
Pabda seed collection

seed is picked up from gravel beds by raking. Pabda is very sensitive to their environment while they are growing, so they must be collected as soon as they are mature, or else they will lose the quality of their meat. As of now, there has been no success in breeding through artificial insemination or other methods of reproduction in aquaculture.

Feed management:

Pabda fish are sensitive to their environment while they are growing, so they must be harvested as soon as they are mature, or else they will lose the quality of their meat. The yields of Pabda fish can be maximized by using pond water with a high temperature.

Pabda can be fed a diet that is rich in proteins, vitamins, and minerals, but they should be given an easily digestible diet. you will get a lower yield of Pabda fish if your water temperature is too high or too low. Pabda can be fed with any kind of food other than dead fish.

Best 10 basic information about Pabda:

  • Pabda Fish is a tetra fish and belongs to the family Cyprinidae.
  • Pabda consumption is increasing day by day because it is unhygienic and tastes good.
  • Pabda grow very fast, reaching maturity within one year, sometimes as early as 8 months after hatching.
  • Pabda Fish also has a very fast development time, taking about 2 to 3 months to mature.
  • The average size of Pabda Fish is about 8-12 inches long and one inch thick, with usually dark spots on its back and belly.
  • Pabda are solitary fish and are not aggressive predators but are often bothered by predators such as eels, catfish, or gudgeons.
  • Pabda Fish are bottom feeders.
  • Pabda live in an open water habitat and as such must have access to oxygen and clean water at all times.
  • Pabda are sensitive to environmental changes and are easily stressed by changes to water chemistry or temperature.
  • Pabda are also susceptible to parasites such as tapeworms and are often preyed on by rodents, birds, snakes, and frogs.


There is an increasing demand for Pabda fish, as people are becoming aware of the nutritional benefits of this fish. Pabda fish has quick development and a short lifespan, thus making it an attractive product for aquaculture. Pabda can be grown in a clean water environment with the proper amount of nutrition. It’s very important to know how to raise Pabda from the beginning to make sure that you get maximum profit out of it.

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