Pigeon Farming, Kenya & Best 10+ Pigeon Breeds

Pigeon farming, also known as pigeon keeping or pigeon rearing, is gaining popularity among small-scale farmers in Kenya. These remarkable birds have long been appreciated for their beauty and homing abilities, but they also offer numerous economic and agricultural advantages.

In this blog post, we will explore the potential of pigeon farming in Kenya and shed light on its benefits for aspiring farmers.


Adaptability to Local Conditions

Pigeons are highly adaptable birds that can thrive in various environments, making them well-suited for Kenyan agricultural landscapes. Whether in urban areas or rural settings, pigeon farming requires minimal space and infrastructure. This flexibility allows farmers to start pigeon farming on a small scale, making it an attractive option for those with limited resources.

Low Investment and Quick Returns

Compared to other livestock ventures, pigeon farming requires a relatively low initial investment. Setting up a pigeon coop or loft can be done inexpensively, especially if using locally available materials. Additionally, pigeons have a short gestation period, typically hatching their eggs within 17 to 19 days. This rapid breeding cycle allows farmers to see returns on their investments quickly.

Pigeon Farm
Pigeon Farm

Multiple Revenue Streams

Pigeon farming offers multiple revenue streams for farmers in Kenya. Here are a few ways pigeon farmers can generate income:

Meat Production

Pigeon meat, known as squab, is a delicacy appreciated for its tender texture and delicate flavor. It is in high demand, especially in urban areas and high-end restaurants. Farmers can sell squabs for a premium price, creating a profitable market opportunity.

Pigeon Breeding

Pigeons are known for their breeding capabilities, with pairs often producing several clutches of eggs per year. By selling fertile eggs or breeding pairs, farmers can tap into the growing demand for pigeons as pets or for homing purposes.

Fertilizer Production

Pigeon droppings, also known as pigeon guano, are valuable organic fertilizer. Farmers can collect and compost pigeon droppings to produce nutrient-rich fertilizer for their own crops or sell it to other farmers.

Low Feed Requirements

One of the advantages of pigeon farming is that these birds have relatively low feed requirements compared to larger livestock species. Pigeons primarily feed on grains and seeds, which are readily available and affordable in Kenya.

This makes pigeon farming a cost-effective option, particularly for small-scale farmers who may have limited access to expensive animal feeds.

Diversification and Risk Reduction

Pigeon farming can serve as a complementary venture alongside other agricultural activities, such as crop farming or poultry farming.

Pigeon house
Pigeon house

Integrating pigeon farming into existing agricultural systems can help diversify income sources and reduce risks associated with relying solely on a single agricultural enterprise. Pigeon farming offers an additional revenue stream without requiring significant additional investment or land.


Pigeon farming presents a promising opportunity for small-scale farmers in Kenya. With their adaptability, low investment requirements, multiple revenue streams, and low feed requirements, pigeons can be a valuable addition to the agricultural landscape.

Aspiring farmers should explore the market potential, seek guidance from experienced pigeon farmers, and consider the feasibility of pigeon farming in their specific region. With proper care, management, and market understanding, pigeon farming can be a profitable and sustainable venture for Kenyan farmers.


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