Potato Farming Business Plan In India: Best 10 Advantages & Nutritions

The potato farming business plan in India is a profitable business. There are many ways it can be done. Raising potato seedlings in the garden, greenhouse, or field. This would be your cheapest option. However, if the plants do not have enough sunlight they may grow poorly and yield smaller potatoes; pests and diseases can also out-compete your crop for space and nutrients.

Potato Farming is a good business opportunity in Uttarakhand because of its fertile lands and low yield prices per quintal. The potato farming business plan in India is the cheapest and the most profitable business to start. You will get rich in just 6 months with this lucrative business. Personalize your potato farming business plan by choosing from a variety of plans available for you.


Potato farming business plan in India

Potato Farming Business Plan In India is mainly for those who want to get a good profit in less time. The price of each quintal of potato is around Rs 3000, but with this business plan, you can get a profit at the price of Rs 8000 per quintal.

The potato farming
The potato farming

I will give you 5 different ways to grow potatoes, read them, and choose one option that would be the most suitable for you. You need land up to 2 acres and Rs 50000 to start this business.

  1. Introduction: Provide a brief overview of the potato farming business, its potential in India, and the purpose of the business plan.
  2. Objectives: Clearly state the objectives of your potato farming business, such as production volume, market share, and profitability.
  3. Company Overview: Describe your company, its structure, ownership, and location.
  4. Market Analysis: Provide an analysis of the potato market in India, including trends, demand, and competition.
  5. Farm Description: Outline the key details of your potato farm, such as size, location, soil quality, and infrastructure.

Advantages of potato farming business plan in India: huge land area.

  • very low cost to start this business.
  • you can also sell your potatoes in different ways to make more money.
  • potato farming business plan in India is a very good business for small farmers
  • This business can also be started with an investment of a few rupees.
  • Potato is the main source of food in our country and also provides a good income.
  • The Government has introduced potato cultivation schemes in many states of India.
  • This business plan will also give quick profits. You can get rich in just 6 months

Nutritional Benefits of Potato:

  • Potato is a very rich source of Vitamin B as well as Potassium, Iron, and Magnesium.
  • Potato contains all the essential amino acids necessary for human nutrition.
  • Potato is a good source of carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and fiber too.
  • Potatoes are easily digested by our bodies and hence are considered to be a non-fattening foodstuff.
  • Potatoes have an iron content of 38% which is highly essential for our body’s functioning.
  • Potato contains purines, which convert into uric acid in our body.
  • The use of potato peel can protect us from sun damage when applied before going out in the sun.

How to start a potato farming business?

Potatoes are mostly planted from seeds but you can also grow them from the potatoes you buy. The first thing that you will need when starting a business island, is about 2 acres for potato farming.

Select the good land

Selecting land for your potato farm is very important because you will be investing a lot of money. The first step when starting your business is to select the best land for your potato farm. Factors that you will consider when selecting the land are the growth rate of the soil, rainfall, sunlight, and clay content. Once you have selected the land, begin clearing it and digging out the soil to make sure that it doesn’t contain stones or rocks.

Prepare the soil

Once you have found a place to grow your potatoes start preparing the soil. It is not as easy as it sounds. You can start by putting in some manure and mixing it with half of the potato’s land. You can do so by plowing the land once up to 20 to 25 cm deep. To prepare the soil, you will need to dig trenches and fill them with manure made from cow dung and water.

Also have some loose soil to cover the trenches, so that the potatoes do not directly come in contact with manure, due to which they may get diseased. While preparing the soil, apply as much organic fertilizer as you can. Chemical fertilizers are also essential along with organic fertilizers for maximum growth.

For optimum growth and good production, the plants will require Nitrogen@80 kg per acre in form of Urea@170 kg/acre, Phosphorus@30 kg/acre in form of SSP@160 kg/acre, and Potash@30 kg/acre in form of MOP@40 kg/acre.

Choose a variety of potatoes

Once the land is ready, you can start thinking about the kind of variety you would like to grow. You will have several options to choose from.

Here are a few varieties that you may want to consider:-

The potato varieties are generally categorized into some groups based on their common characteristics such as purples, yellows, whites, and reds. Some popular potato varieties for commercial cultivation are Katahdin, Kennebec, Elba, Irish Cobbler, Norland, Mountain Rose, Viking, Blue, Red Pontiac, and Chieftan. You should choose the variety which grows well in your area.

Best Time for Potato Cultivation in India

Potato plants are cultivated in almost all parts of the country, from Kashmir to Kanyakumari and from Arunachal Pradesh to Kutch.

Potato Cultivation
Potato Cultivation

However, the main season for potato cultivation is between October and February. The two key factors for choosing a good time for planting are the weather and your specific area’s growing season. You should consult with an expert before you choose the time.

Potato Growing Season in India

The growing period of potatoes all over India is 3–4 months (October– January).

Seeds Per Acre

Seeds per acre depend upon the size of your land. For 2 users, you can use 80-100 kgs of seeds. The density of sowing is very important in a potato farming business plan.

Potato seeds
Potato seeds

The average density of sowing is 16-20 plants per sq. meter, but as there are lots of varieties and your land may be dry or wet you can change the density for your land.

Planting Method

Potato Farming Business Plan In India has a method. There are three methods of planting potatoes. The first method is to plant the seeds in lines, 4–5 cm deep and 10–15 cm apart after preparing the soil.

This method is not recommended because the plants will be weak and susceptible to disease. The second method is to plant seeds about 2–4 feet apart on ridges 30–45 cm above ground level. You should have at least 12 seed pieces per hill along with some fertilizers applied around each potato piece as soon as you finish planting them.

Planting Depth

Dig a trench of 6-8 inches deep and plant 1 piece of potato with the eye pointing up.


Plant them 150–200 cm apart, but you can also plant them closer to 200 cm if you want them to be closer. Caring: Proper care is necessary to produce quality potatoes. Water your plants regularly and make use of organic manure to increase their growth.


You will have to harvest the potatoes every 3-4 weeks. The size and shape of potatoes vary from one season to another. After harvesting, you should wash them thoroughly and keep them in a dry place to prevent damage from insects and diseases.


You can help in the development of quality potatoes by using manure and other organic materials. However, you should not use chemical fertilizers. Fertilize them with the help of organic fertilizer, which is available in the market.


watering is very important for the commercial potato farming business. Timely and proper watering is required to keep the soil moist at all times. Depending upon soil moisture, irrigate the field immediately or 5-7 days after planting. Second irrigation should be done within 25-30 days after planting depending on soil moisture.

The remaining irrigation should be given as per the requirement of soil and crop need. Stop irrigation 10-15 days before harvesting. Light and frequent irrigation gives the best result. But avoid flood irrigation as it will cause rot disease.


The mulching of the plants helps in keeping the soil warm and moist. There are two types of mulch available. They are Straw mulch and Plastic mulch. It is better to use straws for mulches as they decompose easily and avoid fungal attacks on the plants.

Controlling  Weeds

Potato is a big problem in the potato farming business. Weed control is very important for the growth of potatoes. There are many ways to control weeds, but the most common methods used are spraying chemicals and burning them.

You will also get plenty of support from experts in this regard. Or remove weeds with hand in case of low infestation 25 days after planting in plain areas and 40-45days in hilly areas when the crop attained a height of 8-10cm.

Diseases and Pests

The potato plant is prone to various diseases and pest attacks. Here are a few common diseases that affect plants:-

Leaf Blight

It is the most common disease occurring in potatoes. It is contracted when the leaves develop yellow spots or patches, which later turn into brown spots. The disease is caused due to fungus attacks on the potato plants.


Ants attack plants and damage the plant by eating parts of the plant, which results in premature decay. Potato farmers can use various materials to protect their plants from ant attacks. Pesticides are also available in the market to control this disease and pests.

Root Knot Nematodes

This is a very common disease of potatoes. When the soil is covered by a layer of limestone or other such material, it becomes the breeding ground for these nematodes. These small worms are responsible for causing damage to tubers and potatoes in India.

You need to treat your soil properly to avoid this disease. You will also get plenty of help from experts who can treat your soil and protect your plants from this disease.

Disease Control

The best way to control diseases is by avoiding them. You should prevent the appearance of diseases like brown spots, root knots, and potato russets. There are some ways you can do this:- If there is a disease outbreak in your area, you will have to choose between treatment and learning from your mistakes.


You should store your potatoes after harvest to avoid their further decay. You should not cut them because they can decay more quickly. Keep them in a dry place and do not expose them to direct sunlight. Potato is a food crop grown worldwide and is one of the most popular vegetables in the world.


Potato is a very popular crop and can be sold to everyone. However, you should do proper market research before finalizing the market for your product. There are many ways to sell your potatoes and make a profit from them.

Potatoes can be sold in homes where there is an adequate collection of processing facilities. You can sell them to many firms like restaurants, hotels, hospitals, etc. Other ways include selling them to food manufacturers and in supermarkets where they are processed further by making chips or ketchup etc.


The potato farming business plan in India is a profitable plan. Potato is an important crop in the production of crops. It is the main source of food for millions of people throughout the world and it has become a major producer of food in many parts of the world.

More than half of all potatoes grown worldwide come from Latin America, China, and India. In China, potato is not only food but also an important cash crop. Very little research has been done on climate change’s effects on potato production.

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