Potato Farming Business Plan: 10 Advantages & Nutritions

Potato farming business plan is a profitable business but can be very labor-intensive and expensive. Some farms grow between 500 acres to 1,000 acres of potatoes per year depending on the region they are located in. Potato farms can be as small as 100 acres or as large as 2,000. Typically starts with a few acres of land and gradually expands over time.

The plan shows you how to get started with low capital investment and how to grow the farm profitably. The ideal solution is an integrated system that can handle the entire potato growing process from seed selection, crop rotation, and harvest through storage and marketing to the consumer.

What is a Potato farming business plan?

A potato farming business plan needs to be written in a simple language that everyone can understand. This is not a technical document for the farm, it’s for people considering a potato farm to consider. The plan needs to be simple that even people with no knowledge of farming or business can understand.

Advantages of potato farming business plan:

  • a huge land area in any country for farming.
  • very low cost to start this business.
  • you can also sell your potatoes in different ways to make more money.
  • This business can also be started by the investment of a few costs.
  • Potato is the main source of food in many countries and also provides a good income.
  • This business plan will also give quick profits. You can get rich in just 4 months.
  • Potato farming business plan is also an idea for increasing your income and not just working on your farm.

Disadvantages of Potato farming business plan:

  • Potato farming is very time-consuming because you have to attend there every few days.
  • Potato farming also needs high investments.
  • Potato can be damaged from heavy rain, hail, etc.
  • If you are starting a potato farming business plan on small scale then it’s not going to be good because the crops will not grow properly.

Nutritional Benefits of Potato:

  • Potato is a very rich source of Vitamin B as well as Potassium, Iron, and Magnesium.
  • Potato contains all the essential amino acids necessary for human nutrition.
  • Potato is a good source of carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and fiber too.
  • Potatoes are easily digested by our bodies and hence are considered to be a non-fattening foodstuff.
  • Potatoes have an iron content of 38% which is highly essential for our body’s functioning.
  • Potato contains purines, which convert into uric acid in our body.
  • Use of potato peel can protect us from sun damage when applied before going out in the sun.

How to start a potato farming business?

Potatoes are mostly planted from seeds but you can also grow them from the potatoes you buy. The first thing that you will need when starting a business island, is about 2 acres for potato farming.

Select the good land:

Selecting land for your potato farm is very important because you will be investing a lot of money. The first step when starting your business is to select the best land for your potato farm.

Potato Farming
Potato Farming

Factors that you will consider when selecting the land are the growth rate of the soil, rainfall, sunlight, and its clay content. Once you have selected the land, begin clearing it and digging out the soil to make sure that it doesn’t contain stones or rocks.

Prepare the soil:

Once you have found a place to grow your potatoes start preparing the soil. It is not as easy as it sounds. You can start by putting in some manure and mixing it with half of the potatoes land. You can do so by plowing the land once up to 20 to 25 cm deep. To prepare the soil, you will need to dig trenches and fill them with manure made from cow dung and water.

Also have some loose soil to cover the trenches, so that the potatoes do not directly come in contact with manure, due to which they may get diseased. While preparing the soil, apply as much organic fertilizer as you can. Chemical fertilizers are also essential along with organic fertilizer for maximum growth.

For optimum growth and good production, the plants will require Nitrogen@80 kg per acre in form of Urea@170 kg/acre, Phosphorus@30 kg/acre in form of SSP@160 kg/acre, and Potash@30 kg/acre in form of MOP@40 kg/acre.

Choose a variety of potatoes:

Once the land is ready, you can start thinking about the kind of variety you would like to grow. You will have several options to choose from.

Here are a few varieties that you may want to consider:-

The potato varieties are generally categorized into some groups based on their common characteristics such as purples, yellows, whites, and reds. Some popular potato varieties for commercial cultivation are Katahdin, Kennebec, Elba, Irish Cobbler, Norland, Mountain Rose, Viking, Blue, Red Pontiac, and Chieftan. You should choose the variety which grows well in your area.

Best Time for Potato Cultivation:

The best time of the year to grow potatoes is between December and March. The best time to plant your potatoes is in February. The temperature should be around 10 to 16 degrees Celsius during this period. For growing potatoes, you need well-drained soil.

The amount of rainfall that a potato plant will receive will depend on the region’s soil, drainage, and vegetation cover. If a potato plant receives at least 150 mm of rain per month, it can grow well.

Seeds Per Acre:

Seeds per acre depending upon the size of your land. For 2 users, you can use 80-100 kgs of seeds. The density of sowing is very important in a potato farming business plan.

Potato seeds
Potato seeds

The average density of sowing is 16-20 plants per sq. meter, but as there are lots of varieties and your land may be dry or wet you can change the density for your land.

Planting Method:

There are three methods of planting potatoes. The first method is to plant the seeds in lines, 4–5 cm deep and 10–15 cm apart after preparing the soil. This method is not recommended because the plants will be weak and susceptible to disease.

The second method is to plant seeds about 2–4 feet apart on ridges 30–45 cm above ground level. You should have at least 12 seed pieces per hill along with some fertilizers applied around each potato piece as soon as you finish planting them.

Planting Depth:

Dig a trench of 6-8 inches deep and plant 1 piece of potato with the eye pointing up.


Plant them 150–200 cm apart, but you can also plant them closer to 200 cm if you want them to be closer. Caring: Proper care is necessary to produce quality potatoes. Water your plants regularly and make use of organic manure to increase their growth.


Harvesting is very important to Potato farming business plan. You will have to harvest the potatoes every 3-4 weeks. The size and shape of potatoes vary from one season to another. After harvesting, you should wash them thoroughly and keep them in a dry place to prevent damage from insects and disease.


You can help in the development of quality potatoes by using manure and other organic materials. However, you should not use chemical fertilizers. Fertilize them with the help of organic fertilizer, which is available in the market.


watering is very important for the commercial potato farming business. Timely and proper watering is required to keep the soil moist at all times. Depending upon soil moisture, irrigate the field immediately or 5-7 days after planting. Second irrigation should be done within 25-30 days after planting depending on soil moisture.

The remaining irrigation should be given as per the requirement of soil and crop need. Stop irrigation 10-15 days before harvesting. Light and frequent irrigation gives the best result. But avoid flood irrigation as it will cause rot disease.


The mulching of the plants helps in keeping the soil warm and moisture. There are two types of mulch available. They are Straw mulch and Plastic mulch. It is better to use straws for mulches as they decompose easily and avoid fungal attacks on the plants.

Controlling  Weeds:

Weeds is a big problem in the potato farming business. Weed control is very important for the growth of potatoes. There are many ways to control weeds, but the most common methods used are spraying chemicals and burning them.

You will also get plenty of support from experts in this regard. Or remove weeds with hand in case of low infestation 25days after planting in plain areas and 40-45days in hilly areas when crop attained the height of 8-10cm.

Diseases and Pests:

The potato plant is prone to various diseases and pest attacks. Here are a few common diseases that affect plants:-

Leaf Blight:

It is the most common disease occurring in potatoes. It is contracted when the leaves develop yellow spots or patches, which later turn into brown spots. The disease is caused due to fungus attack on the potato plants.


Ants attack plants and damage the plant by eating parts of the plant, which results in premature decay. Potato farmers can use various materials to protect their plants from ant attacks. Pesticides are also available in the market to control this disease and pests.

Root Knot Nematodes:

This is a very common disease of potatoes. When the soil is covered by a layer of limestone or other such material, it becomes the breeding ground for these nematodes. These small worms are responsible for causing damage to tubers and potatoes in India.

You need to treat your soil properly to avoid this disease. You will also get plenty of help from experts who can treat your soil and protect your plants from this disease.

Disease Control:

The best way to control diseases is by avoiding them. You should prevent the appearance of diseases like brown spots, root-knot, and potato russets. There are some ways you can do this:- If there is a disease outbreak in your area, you will have to choose between treatment and learning from your mistakes.


You should store your potatoes after harvest to avoid their further decay. You should not cut them because they can decay more quickly. Keep them in a dry place and do not expose them to direct sunlight. Potato is a food crop grown worldwide and is one of the most popular vegetables in the world.

potato for marketing
potato for marketing


Potato is a very popular crop and can be sold to everyone. However, you should do proper market research before finalizing the market for your product. There are many ways to sell your potatoes and make a profit from them.


Potato farming business plan is very benefitable in all over the world. Potato is an important crop in the production of crops. It is the main source of food for millions of people throughout the world and it has become a major producer of food in many parts of the world.

More than half of all potatoes grown worldwide come from Latin America, China, and India. In China, potato is not only food but also an important cash crop. Very little research has been done on climate change’s effects on potato production.

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