Rose Farming Process|| Best 3 Method Of It

Rose farming process is a somewhat delicate process. The farmer must be selective about the types of roses they grow and do everything possible not to damage the plant. For example, farmers carefully prune away woody stems with a pair of shears and allow only soft, new shoots to grow.

They will also prune leaves below the cuttings to ensure that light and water reach the new stems. The first step in the process is to select suitable rose cultivars. It can be done by identifying plants from your garden with good coloring and bloom characteristics that have been grown for many years.

Roses grown for more than six months are good candidates for replanting, as they could harm the plant’s health. Rose fields are usually established on steep slopes, such as where you find water. This ensures that the roots of all the roses will reach a sufficient depth to get enough water and soil nutrients.

Which method is used for the rose farming process?

There are different methods of the rose farming process. If a farmer uses a traditional method, they will dig up the entire area and cover it with a good layer of straw. They will then wait for the rose seeds to sprout to achieve future planting. However, this process is laborious, and shorter growing cycles may result in poorer yields.

Rose Farming Process
Rose Farming Process

Varieties

There are numerous varieties of roses around the world. Some types have large trees; some are bushy, and some are creepers. Depending on the variety, roses are white, red, yellow, orange, pink, and mixed. Apart from this, Queen Elizabeth (Pink), Black Prince (Black), Irani (Pink), Mirinda (Red), and Bicolor Flower Eyecatcher are cultivated.

Best 3 method rose farming process

Rose seedlings can be made from several types of seeds, but mainly grafted seedlings are used for cultivation. Generally, rose seedlings can be prepared by Guti Kalam, Branch Kalam (cutting), Eye Kalam (budding), etc. Seedlings are produced from seeds to develop new varieties.

Gutikalam

3-5 cm of bark should be removed with a sharp knife from a healthy, strong tree branch from which the sapling is to be made. After that, loamy soil and rotted dung manure should be mixed equally and applied by hand on the barked area.

The soil is then covered with polythene. It does not allow the soil water to dry up. Moreover, it is convenient to see from the outside when the roots come out. If the water dries up, then water should be given. Roots emerge within 5-6 weeks.

Then half of the first round is just below the polythene tie, and after 2/3 days, the other half is loosened, the pen is kept in the shade for 2/3 days, and then the polyethylene tie is opened and planted in the soil.

Branches

Strong and perfect branches have to be selected for making branch pens. About 20-22 cm long, the pen’s stem should be cut so that the upper head is equal and the lower head, i.e., the charge that will be planted on the ground, is horizontal.

A few leaves and thorns below the branches should be broken off and buried in the soil, mixed with organic manure, and fertilized regularly. Pens are produced within 6/7 weeks. Seb exotic roses often do not want to be grafted because they have fewer stems.

Eye grafting

A large number of seedlings can be produced in a very short time by eye grafting. In this method, the branches or stems of wild rose trees are made by attaching buds or chokes of good varieties of roses. In this method, native wild rose plants are used as rootstock.

Because even if their flowers are not of good quality, they can survive by adapting to the local climate. In the month of Ashad-Shravan, the cuttings should be cut and planted. In our country, the best time to add buds is from the beginning of Agrahayana to the middle of Magha.

In this method, a very small sharp knife is placed on the growing stem of the root tree or at the base, like the English letter T, in the cut place of the root tree so that the bud is outside. This way, the bud is placed and tied with a thin polythene tape, and the part of the root plant is cut.

This way, keep it in the shade for 3/4 days and then put it in the sun. The first few days should be watered so that the junction of the buds does not get wet. Care should ensure the roots do not grow in any plant bud.

If they grow, they should be broken. Seedlings will emerge from the original bud within 2-3 weeks. If it is quite large, the polythene wrap should be carefully untied so that the base is properly or

Land Selection for Rose Farming Process

It is best to select land with fertile loamy soil for rose cultivation. Roses grow best in shaded, upland areas where there is no waterlogging.

Planting of seedlings or cuttings

Ashwin month is the best time for planting seedlings. But if the seedlings are planted up to Paush month, a small hole should be dug in the middle of the hole in the bed, and the seedlings should be planted. First, remove the saplings from the polythene bag or soil tub and cut the weak branches, diseased roots, etc.

The soil should be pressed firmly at the base of the seedling. After planting, the seedling should be tied to the pole by putting a pole. Planting seedlings should be watered at the bottom. It is better to provide shade for 2-3 days.

Other care and management

Weed Control

Rose Carey has many weeds. Weeds should be removed.

Water Irrigation

Check the soil moisture and rinse the root of the plant, so there is no shortage of sap in the soil.

Water Drainage

Rose care should never be allowed to stand water because rose plants cannot tolerate waterlogging.

Pruning

New branches of roses produce more flowers. So old and diseased branches need to be pruned. Pruning the stems of roses every year keeps the structure of the plant beautiful and strong and produces larger flowers at a higher rate.

Pruning of Flower Buds

After many prunings, many leaf and flower buds grow on the roots. If all the buds are allowed to bloom, the flower will not be as big. Therefore, the original buds should be kept for big flowers, and the side buds should be cut with a sharp knife.

Insect Spider Management

Red scales and beetles are the main pests found on rose plants.

Dieback

This disease attacks the cuttings of branches. If this disease occurs, the components or trunks of the tree will turn black and die downwards. These symptoms gradually spread through the stem to the roots and the entire plant dies.

The affected trunk or branch should be cut from the bottom and burnt to suppress this disease. The pruning knife should be cleaned with disinfectant before pruning. The cut area should be wiped with spirit.

Black spot disease

It is a fungal disease. Round black spots appear on the leaves of diseased plants. The leaves of the affected trees fall, and the trees become leafless. Attacks of this disease occur from Chaitra to Kartika month.

To cure this disease, balanced fertilizer should be applied to the tree. Care should be taken so that water does not accumulate at the tree’s base. Apart from this, this disease can be controlled by applying fungicides. Affected leaves should be cut and burned.

Powdery Mildew

It is a fungal disease. This disease spreads during fog in winter. White powder can be seen on the leaves, flowers, and buds if infected with this disease. As a result, the buds are destroyed. The affected tips or leaves should be removed and burned to suppress this disease. Besides, this disease can be treated once a week by mixing Thiovit or Sulfur with an M-45 in water.

Flower collection

Flowers should be collected from the trees before the flowers bloom. After collection, the flower is better if the lower part of the flower data is immersed in clean water and kept in a cool place. Sometimes it is good to sprinkle water on the flowers.

Final Thoughts

Care should be taken to develop healthy roses. If you start gardening now, you can harvest the rewards in September. Proper maintenance is required to ensure the maximum output of roses.

Follow regular pruning or removal of branches, remove weak or diseased plants and take care of water collection from the soil after fertilizer application. Some varieties may even need to be fed special nutrients when not flowering well.

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