Surti goat is a type of goat that is bred to be resistant to the most common parasite affecting goats, namely Surt ides. these goats are also known as “Suri” or “angora” type. Furthermore, they are purported to have more uniform coloration than other breeds of goats which is desirable for those matting and dyeing with textiles or looking for wider pelts.
this breed was developed in the 1920s by the USDA through selective breeding with coarse-haired angora goat’s offspring. They are also known as “Surati Angora” or “Angora Goats.”
The Surati is one of the oldest domestic goat types in the world and is found in many parts of India (especially in and around the state of Uttar Pradesh), Pakistan, India, Burma, Bangladesh, and Malaysia. They originated from the Indo-Pakistan region where they are raised for their beautiful white and grey hair coat.
How to identify Surti goat?
Surti goats have a medium-sized body with good muscling and a wide, deep chest. They have a small head and an upright or slightly arched neck. The body has well-developed muscling which is good for milk production. The tail is long, straight, medium in thickness, and has fine hair. The chest is deep and wide. The rear legs are further apart than the front legs. The goat has a sloping rump, with a well-developed second thigh.
The Surti is a small to medium-sized goat with dark brown eyes, erect ears, and well-developed horns which bend backward. These goats are also known as Surti/angora type. they have long matted hair (down to their hoof) and a broad face with a tuft of hair at the end. The male Surti goats are called billy goats and females are called doe or nanny.
Surti goats are known for their excellent behavior and their docile, friendly, and comfortable nature. They are very adaptable to different conditions. The does are good mothers and do not mind their young being handled. Unlike other goat breeds, Surti goats like people around them and enjoy human contact.
They are very gentle, sweet, and quite intelligent. They are good foragers but not so much for poultry since they prefer to stay in groups with goats. Surti goats are known for their resistance to parasites and other diseases such as brucellosis, brucella, downy mildew, etc. They have good resistance to mastitis and infertility due to a special gland found only in the female Surti goat.
Many Surti goat producers use them for dairy and meat production in addition to their hide and fleece. They are also used for meat, especially goat meat. They are used both as a pure breed or as cross-bred with other goats.
They can be found being used as small flock goats or kept as pets or show animals. Their hides are very soft and are highly prized by hand dyers. With a good amount of care during the shearing, their hair becomes wavy and silky.
Surti goat is mainly used for milk production and meat production; however, the presence of short hair can be a deterrent for some goat keepers. Surti goats are known to be very slow breeders; generally taking 1-2 years to mature. Their fertility is enhanced by mating with an Angora goat. However, review the full breed profile of the Surti goat in the following table.
|Breed Name: SurtiBody Type: Long and fine hair, broad face, erect ears.|
|Colors:||Dark Brown, Black, Grey, and white|
|Other Name:||Surati Angora, Surti Goat|
|Breed Purpose:||Milk, Meat|
|Breed Class, size:||Medium|
|Climate Tolerance:||Arid ( hot and dry)|
|Milk Production:||(1-2 kg per day)|
|Mating Season:||Summer and Autumn|
|Length of gestation :||(150 days)|
|Lifespan:||10 years (generally alive up till 15 years)|
|Average litter size:||5-8 kids per birth. The normal size of the kid at birth 2.|
|Country/Place of Origin:||India|
Surti goat is an excellent breed of goat with a rough coat and erect ears. They have good resistance to parasites, they are known to be a good mother and have docile nature. They are also known as “Surati” or “angora” type.