Livestock farming has been an integral part of human civilization for centuries. Among the various domesticated animals, goats hold a special place due to their adaptability, versatility, and the numerous benefits they provide.
One such exceptional breed is the Surti Goat, a unique and valuable breed with distinct characteristics that make it a favorite among farmers and enthusiasts alike. In this blog post, we will explore the fascinating features, advantages, and significance of the Surti Goat.
Origin and History:
- The Surti Goat is believed to have originated in the region of Surat in Gujarat, India.
- Its development can be traced back to selective breeding practices that aimed to create a breed suitable for the local environment and agricultural requirements.
- Over time, the Surti Goat has gained popularity and is now recognized as one of the premier goat breeds in India.
- The Surti Goat is medium-sized, with a compact and well-muscled body.
- It has a distinctive appearance, with a convex facial profile and medium-sized ears.
- The coat of the Surti Goat is short, dense, and predominantly white, although some individuals may have patches of black or brown.
- Both males and females have spiraling horns, with the males having larger and more pronounced ones.
Adaptability and Resilience:
- One of the key advantages of the Surti Goat is its remarkable adaptability to diverse climatic conditions.
- This breed can thrive in both hot and humid environments, as well as in arid and semi-arid regions.
- Surti Goats are known for their ability to graze on low-quality vegetation and withstand limited water availability, making them an ideal choice for marginal lands.
- The Surti Goat is primarily renowned for its high-quality milk production.
- It is known for its excellent milk yield, with an average lactation period of 200-250 days.
- The milk of Surti Goats is rich in solids, including protein and fat, making it suitable for the production of various dairy products like cheese and yogurt.
- While milk production is a notable attribute, the Surti Goat is also valued for its meat quality.
- The meat is tender, flavorful, and low in fat, appealing to consumers who prefer lean and healthy options.
- Surti Goats are often reared for meat production and contribute to the local and regional meat industry.
Breeding and Reproduction:
- Surti Goats are known for their high fertility rates and multiple births.
- They have the ability to produce twins and triplets, which increases the productivity and profitability for farmers.
- Due to their breeding capabilities, Surti Goats have been used to improve the genetic potential of other goat breeds through crossbreeding programs.
|Body Type||Long and fine hair, broad face, erect ears.|
|Colors||Dark Brown, Black, Grey, and white|
|Other Name||Surati Angora, Surti Goat|
|Breed Purpose||Milk, Meat|
|Breed Class, size||Medium|
|Climate Tolerance||Arid ( hot and dry)|
|Milk Production||(1 to2 kg per day)|
|Mating Season||Summer and Autumn|
|Length of gestation||(150 days)|
|Lifespan||10 years (generally alive up to 15 years)|
|Average litter size||5to8 kids per birth. The normal size of the kid at birth is 2.|
|Country/Place of Origin||India|
The Surti Goat stands out as a remarkable breed, well-suited to meet the demands of modern livestock farming. Its adaptability, superior milk production, excellent meat quality, and breeding capabilities make it a valuable asset for farmers seeking a sustainable and profitable enterprise.
As we continue to appreciate and promote diverse livestock breeds, the Surti Goat deserves special recognition for its exceptional qualities and contributions to the agricultural sector.